How to protect yourself against coronavirus

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World Health Organization recommends people take these simple precautions against coronavirus to scale back exposure and transmission

How does the coronavirus spread?
The Covid-19 coronavirus outbreak may be a new illness and scientists are still assessing how it spreads from person to person, but similar viruses tend to spread via cough and sneeze droplets.

When an infected person coughs or sneezes, they release droplets of saliva or mucus. These droplets can fall on people within the vicinity and may be either directly inhaled or picked abreast of the hands then transferred when someone touches their face, causing infection. For flu, some hospital guidelines define exposure as being within six feet of an infected one that sneezes or coughs for 10 minutes or
longer.

Viruses also can be spread through droplets landing on surfaces like seats on buses or trains or desks in class . However, whether this is often a main transmission route depends on how long viruses survive on surfaces – this will vary from hours to months.

There is anecdotal evidence that the virus are often spread by people before they need symptoms. another illnesses like flu are often passed from one person to a different before symptoms occur – but the extent to which this is often happening with the new coronavirus isn’t well understood yet.

How to protect yourself et al.

Wash your hands: wet your hands with clean, running water and apply soap. Lather your hands, including the backs, between your fingers, and under your nails and scrub for a minimum of 20 seconds. Rinse.

Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue once you cough or sneeze, then throw the tissue within the bin and wash your hands. If you are doing not have a tissue handy , cough or sneeze into your elbow instead of your hands.

Face masks offer some protection as they block liquid droplets. However, they are doing not block smaller aerosol particles which will undergo the fabric of the mask. The masks also leave the eyes exposed and there’s evidence that some viruses can infect an individual through the eyes.

Seek early medical help if you’ve got a fever, cough and difficulty breathing, and share your travel history with healthcare providers.

If visiting live markets in affected areas avoid direct, unprotected contact with live animals and surfaces that are in touch with animals.

If you’ve got returned from an affected area within the last fortnight , stay indoors and avoid contact with people for 14 days. this suggests not getting to work, school or public areas.

If you’ve got returned from an infected area and develop a heat , cough, runny nose, pharyngitis or difficulty breathing don’t leave your home until you’ve got been given advice by a doctor.

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